John Ricardo Cunningham
John Ricardo Cunningham is one of the last patients whose works were collected by the famous psychiatrist Honorio Delgado, in Lima. Interned for 32 years, he undertook a kind of geopolitical mapping of the world where the authorities became, by metaphor, austere men with hats, birds with flapping wings or rats holding canes… His narrative but elliptical gouaches seem to make us witnesses of the state of the world. Presented for the first time in 2018 by the gallery, his work is already exhibited at the Pinacothèque d’Hervé Lancelin in Luxembourg.
John Ricardo Cunningham was born on February 7, 1918. His father, originally from Scotland, was a merchant sailor who met his mother in Peru in 1910 and with whom he would have four children. Ricardo was the second of the siblings, who lived in the port of Cerro Azul, 125 km south of Lima, where John Cunningham senior managed a British company tied to the sugar trade. But upon the death of their mother, the children were entrusted to their aunt, who lived in a bourgeois house in the historical center of Lima, while their father returned to England. The two sons of the family were sent to a prestigious religious school where John Ricardo seems to have proven his worth. His taste for drawing apparently goes back to this time, when he also participated in the organization of sporting events.
But at the age of 19, the young man began to suffer from depression, tied in particular to the disappearance of his mother. He continued his studies for a time before being diagnosed with schizophrenia, then committed. His older sister having moved far from Lima, it was thus his brother, David, 18 months younger than him, that took care of him and then became his guardian upon their aunt’s death.
At the Victor-Larco Herrera Hospital (Lima), his privileged social status allowed him to get an individual room whose cost was covered by his family. He stayed there for most of his life and eventually only left after a fall that fractured his hip, which would handicap his walking until the end of his life. His sister thus welcomed him at her home for a period, then, needing permanent assistance, he was placed in a religious institute for the elderly, where he passed away in 1991, at the age of 73.
John Ricardo Cunningham is the last patient welcomed in the studio of the well-known Peruvian psychiatrist Honorio Delgado before his death in 1969.
Foreword : Christian Berst
Catalog published to mark the exhibition John Ricardo Cunningham : otro mundo, from January 27th to February 24th, 2018.